Given the nascent development of Cyber Warfare programs, it is not surprising that there is a lack of consensus on what exactly is meant by the term. Cyber Warfare is considered politically motivated computer attacks on informational, technological and/or physical infrastructures. Some have argued that “war” is not the appropriate reference and is used to evoke a militaristic frame and thus draw a similar response. Proponents of this argument posit that the phenomenon is best captured by acts of sabotage, espionage and subversion. Differences over definition of what constitutes cyber warfare have resulted in a reluctance of many to pursue cyber arms control agreements. The definitional debate will continue to rage for years to come, similar to the debate over defining a terrorist and a freedom fighter. States are likely to continue deeming the challenging non-state actors and/or groups as terrorists, while the people recognize them for what they rightly are, which is resistance.
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