The Syrian regime had long blocked access to social media sites, says Richard Zaluski, president of the Center for Strategic Cyberspace and Security Science, a London-based think tank.

"Blocking, however, prevented the tracking down of activists, so the regime ultimately responded by unblocking sites such as Facebook, YouTube, and Twitter,” he writes in a recent analysis posted on the group’s website. “This move enabled the regime’s security apparatus to conduct its internal cyber war against its own people and aided in tracking down the identities of activists."

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